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Thursday, December 18, 2008

The origin of Ketuanan Melayu/Malay dominance/demanded-sense-of-superiority

Cinematography and special effects ala George Lucas and Steven Spielberg or Hong Kongs's Golden Harvest production have made it possible to give modern viewers a better and more engaging sense of what heroism and tribalism means.

Pages from Sejarah Melayu/Malay Annals can be made to come alive with good acting and film editing. A sense of tribalism and etnocentrism can be inculcated in a people by presenting to viewers which, among the warring tribes, are the best. In this case, Melakka is a more powerful kingdom than Java. Media representation of heroism in Melakkan times favours the Malay warrior. The defeat, decapacitation, and demise of the best warrior of the Other-tribe/Tribal-Other signifies the vainglorifying of another. The victory of the Africa-American boxer Muhammad Ali over the Caucasian boxer Joe Bugner in an Asian city, Kuala Lumpur, signifies the triumph of Black over white against the backdrop of decolonization of the 1970s.

The ideology of Ketuanan Melayu/Malay superiority based and superstructured in Malay feudalism, the concept of kerajaan, and supernatural powers derived from a syncreticism of Islam and traditional/folk religion derived from Hindu-Buddhist tradition -- all these became a geneological basis of Ketuanan Melayu.

The keris becomes a representation of a weapon of mass ideological construction or even destruction. In times of Melakka, The Taming Sari is the magical weapon highly acclaimed; in 21st. century Melakka, the keris is a highly criticized symbol of political party. The mind of the observer of the keris -- from Ancient to Modern Melakka -- has evolved. Cognitive science, critical sensibility, and a move towards cosmopolitasm have educated the mind of the difference between culture and consciousness of the 1400s and that of 2000.

The Malay culture continues to be deconstructed and reconstructed; evident from the denouncing of Tun Sri Lanang (author of Sejarah Melayu) as a well-paid agent propagateur of Malay feudalism to the hard-hitting criticisms of Ketuanan Melayu in Malaysian cyberspace. Multiple voices of multiculturalism are in unison mounting the attack on this sign, symbols, and signifier of Malay dominance.

From being Grand Narrative, the Malay culture has transformed into a multiplicity of Sublaterns, affected by the transcultural flow of the logic of capitalism in its Rostowin stages. The Malay dilemma is economic and ideological in nature. Class is lending more prominence than race in the analysis of Malay cognitive and sociological evolution. Neo-feudalism reigns neatly hidden in modern-day inscriptions, individuals, ideology, and institutions, and installations.

The Malay-Javanese Fight




The Ali-Bugner Fight:

9 comments:

ikramjamal said...

Dear Dr Azly. As I said in my previous posting when commenting on your article under similar heading, if you care to scrutinise the many interpretations given by various individuals and groups on the term 'Ketuanan Melayu', then we will have a big headache. The latest was by the Minister of Rural Development, Muhammad Taib who said the term is only a catch phrase.We can list the other interpretations: (1) the Malays are superior in everything (2)the Malays are the earliest inhabitants of the land, so others must respect them (3) respect the Social Contract (4) the core of the socio-cultural-politico-economic 'world' of Malaysia must Malay-based (5) None of the above. Please choose one.

ONLOOKER said...

Lets Deal With Superiority Complex(just like Inferiority it is a Complex and not a normal state of a physce) - and co relate these to races and countries that practised it
- most recent Han chinese moving to eradiacate and control most part of china against the other groups and even remotely distant cousin's like Tibetian's, fuaninese
Some like Funaniese are very successful overseas
- Hitler Opperession of Jews- we know how this went - with Jews now pretty much managing a big chunk of Wall Street Economy
- Bosia- herzogovina,coratia, Macedonia - is all fight about races
- What was USSR a Single economic , Political blog united by Single Communist value system broke down to to various country/regional blocks

I could cite more stuff in antiquity but suffice to say
1) When Majority /mightly race begins to sub due the massacare is likely to follow and
2) usually the oppressed groups finds new way to survive and mayeb take over strategically like the JEWS
3) With No 2 : do the malays want to create a block of people who know the terrain and is their enemy
4) If the oppressed race is inferior to the fight - they get annilated - and like a lot of Abroginal tribes dissapper and usually this happens with dissapperace of a lot of knowledge and partners in game of survival
5) Success Annilatin is the recepie to re inforce the need to KILL to survive and it is not by accident a lot of people like Bernard Shaw, Eistien , Emerson etc turned to vegetarianism and gave such a right to tame the beast of killing...Thomas Jefferson said "to change a man change the kitchen"

Point here is - give up the right to kill and cultivate the right to collabrate and live togather and bear true LOVE

It is very true - because people like Napolean , Attila the Hun, etc always met somebody a greater butcher than them and this is almost the sad real storey of always

ketuanan melayu is not different from hitler Declaration of Aryan race and seeking to oppress the rest in name of race supremacy

the line to oppress and had already been set since the day you decided "I was bigger than you" therefore i shall do as i please

Tamerlane said...

while i dont subscribe to ketuanan melayu as a superiority doctrine, i do believe that malays being the people who first claimed and settled this lands should have some special rights/priviledges and our nation should reflect the culture,lingo and sensitivities of this majority group.

Furthermore,I dont see the relevance of your jewish example to hitlers regime. You said that because hitler killed the jews, they now control wall street? It is like saying the mumbai terrorists massacred the jews in india so now the jews now control Hollywood....That example would be ridiculous. The jews already controled businesses and economy of many nations even before WW2 which in part gave rise to anti semitic sentiments by some german extremists who are frustrated over their economies and the result of WW1. To argue that hitler also help create israel would be false since the zionist movement and lobby groups were already active long before hitler gained power as seen in the balfour declaration. Hitler had the might so he seized the day to pursue his agenda. The jews in 1948have the might and support, so they seized palestine, left by the british power vacuum.

USSR Broke apart because of the basic nature of every human is greed. Who will work extra hours for the same pay? Even today, after breaking apart from USSR, and being "democratic", are these individual ex-USSR countries any better in terms of their individual rights? more freedom? better economically? Even china realize this. While wanting a capitalist dollars, then maintain a communist based political administration. A compromise that prove their hypocracy.

And to claim that ketuanan melayu is equivalent to nazism is to say that Trex is captive bred by zoo negara. I dont see any gas chambers or mass executions of non malays. If anyone is racist it is the jews themselves, the victims of the Nazis. They turned out to be as bad as hitler. They think of themselves a the chosen people, a class above other races, They murder their own neighbors, Hate their neighbors and stole their neighbors possessions. All of which violates their sacred 10 commandments. Please give one example that the ketuanan melayu(whatever that is) demonstrate that malays are genetically superior than others. From my understanding, it only means we have special reserved rights, and not intellectuially, physically or genetically superior.

Omong said...

Dear Dr Azly

Perhaps we should deliberate on the heavy requirements that other western/eastern countries impose on would-be citizens.

And then compare with the HUGE discounts given to the early Chinese and Indian labourers to be granted citizenship to Malaysia.

In any contract, there are bound to be compromises made on the basis of give-and-take.

If at any one time, a certain clause is challenged without corresponding changes to the other party, it would render the whole contract as invalid.

This brings everyone back to SQUARE ONE.

Now what does this mean???

Anonymous said...

@OMONG, when you say "HUGE discounts" it all but reveals that superiority that you need to cover the opposite feeling. Care to find who contributes to the current economy in what measure and what proportion, then you will be more aware of who gives discounts to whom.
the earliest settlers are Orang Aslis, and everyone knows how much of special rights they have.
YOU CAN FOOL SOME PEOPLE ALL THE TIME, ALL THE PEOPLE SOMETIME, BUT NOT ALL PEOPLE ALL THE TIME.

Anonymous said...

Orang Asli - binatang apa tu? Tak pernah dengar pun...

Anonymous said...

VERY SIMPLE: Ketuanan Melayu should be look in the aspect of
1.Bahasa Malaysia as reference to Bahasa Melayu and being used by ALL of Malaysian.
2.The sultan is the raja of ALL Malaysian and NOT only Malay.
3.If the non malay does not accept that, then don't become Malaysian. Give up the nationality. Go some where else.

Anonymous said...

aiyaa.. the sultans just like clowns lah. If any of you ever noticed their claims fighting invaders then you will laugh.

The Malay sultan warriors use no armour, shield, horse, weapons. how did they fight with that short keris ? somemore silat.. by the time malay sultans buka silat.. finish .. enemy will wipe out all malay warriors.

Did the malay sultan really defend this region? Even the states in Malaysia drawn and divided by the British to stop the malay sultan fighting with each other. The sultans were just too dumb.. they just followed orders.

Now sultans demanding respect and loyalty. My foot...

komando said...

Why the trouble to talk who is tuan?
The Brits divided this land well and good.
They divided the people for good and forever
They had their agenda a hidden one
That is what happens!
So if all of us is to return back to where our great fore fathers came from I DON'T think this nation can stand on its own
Which melayu was born here?
Did they not came from somewhere?
Just like the others?
ORANG ASLI - THEY WERE HERE ORIGINALLY, UNLESS WE CHANGE THEM TO "BUKAN ORANG ALSI"!
SO ALL THE NON MALAYS CAN PACK AND GO ?
WHERE?
ARE WE SAYING WE SELL EVERYTHING TO THE MELAYU TAKE THE MONEY AND GET LOST?
WE TAKE ALL THE MONEY FROM THE BANK ALSO?
SO THINK ABOUT IT!
MELAYU IS A MAN MADE GROUP OF PERSONS!
CHECK THE DNA OFF ALL MELAYU's
SEE IF THERE IS NO OTHER BLOOD IN IT!
IF YOU CAN GUARANTEE THAT!
THAN I REST MY CASE!

A PAKISTANI IS CATERGORIZED AS MELAYU?
A MAN FOR KERALA WITH PURE INDIAN BLOOD IS A MELAYU?
WHERE IS THE MELAYU?

THE CONSTITUTION SAYS: "A MALAY IS A PERSON BY FAITH A MUSLIM, A PERSON WHO SPEAKS MALAY LANGUAGE AND PRACTICES ITS CULTURE"

CARE TO CHANGE THE CONSTITUTION PLEASE !

ANYBODY IN THIS WORLD CAN BE LABELED A "MALAY" ! PROVIDED HE FAILS THE THREE CONDITIONS STATED ABOVE !

SO PLEASE STOP THE NONSENSE...USE THE BRAINS INSTEAD OF EMOTIONS AND SHALLOW THINKING!

MALAYS ARE ALWAYS EMOTIONAL !

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